Preventing infection

A few simple precautions can help you avoid getting sick with an infectious disease Published:

Preventing infection

Scope of the problem Based on data from — there are approximately 25 million unsafe abortions annually.

Preventing infection

Of these one third or approximately 8 million were performed under the least safe conditions by untrained persons using dangerous and invasive methods. Unsafe abortions lead to an estimated 7 million complications 3.

Preventing infection

In developed regions, it is estimated that 30 women die for every unsafe abortions. That number rises to deaths per unsafe abortions in developing regions and deaths per unsafe abortions in sub-Saharan Africa. Mortality from unsafe abortion disproportionately affects women in Africa. Who is at risk?

Any woman with an unwanted pregnancy who cannot access safe abortion is at risk of unsafe abortion. Women living in low-income countries and poor women are more likely to have an unsafe abortion.

Deaths and injuries are higher when unsafe abortion is performed later in pregnancy. The rate of unsafe abortions is higher where access to effective contraception and safe abortion is limited or unavailable.

Complications of unsafe abortion requiring emergency care Following unsafe abortion, women may experience a range of harms that affect their quality of life and well-being, with some women experiencing life-threatening complications. The major life-threatening complications resulting from the least safe abortions are haemorrhage, infection, and injury to the genital tract and internal organs.

Unsafe abortions when performed under least safe conditions can lead to complications such as: Signs and symptoms An accurate initial assessment is essential to ensure appropriate treatment and prompt referral for complications of unsafe abortion. The critical signs and symptoms of complications that require immediate attention include: Complications of unsafe abortion can be difficult to diagnose.

For example, a woman with an extra-uterine or ectopic pregnancy abnormal development of a fertilized egg outside of the uterus may have symptoms similar to those of incomplete abortion. It is essential, therefore, for health-care personnel to be prepared to make referrals and arrange transport to a facility where a definitive diagnosis can be made and appropriate care can be delivered quickly.

Treatment and care Complications arising from unsafe abortions and their treatments include: Access to treatment for abortion complications Health-care providers are obligated to provide life-saving medical care to any woman who suffers abortion-related complications, including treatment of complications from unsafe abortion, regardless of the legal grounds for abortion.

However, in some cases, treatment of abortion complications is administered only on the condition that the woman provides information about the person s who performed the illegal abortion.

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The practice of extracting confessions from women seeking emergency medical care as a result of illegal abortion puts women's lives at risk. UN human rights standards call on countries to provide immediate and unconditional treatment to anyone seeking emergency medical care 6.

Prevention and control Unsafe abortion can be prevented through: In addition, deaths and disability from unsafe abortion can be reduced through the timely provision of emergency treatment of complications.

Economic impact In addition to the deaths and disabilities caused by unsafe abortion, there are major social and financial costs to women, families, communities, and health systems.

WHO response Evidence-based resources WHO provides global technical and policy guidance on the use of contraception to prevent unintended pregnancy, safe abortion, and treatment of complications from unsafe abortion.

InWHO published updated technical and policy guidance on safe abortion. WHO recommendations for safe abortion can be found in the following publications:Depending on the severity of your infection, as well as which of your organ systems is affected by the infection, your doctor may refer you to a specialist.

For example, a dermatologist specializes in skin conditions, and a pulmonologist treats lung disorders. Overview. These guidelines provide guidance on the diagnosis of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, the use of antiretroviral (ARV) drugs for treating and preventing HIV infection and the care of people living with HIV.

As part of your immune system, your white blood cells help fight infection. White blood cells are made in your bone marrow. Some types of cancer, such as leukemia, and some treatments including bone marrow transplant and chemotherapy affect your bone marrow and immune system.

This makes it . A parasite is an organism that lives on or in a host and gets its food from or at the expense of its host. Parasites can cause disease in humans.

Some parasitic diseases are easily treated and some are not. The burden of these diseases often rests on communities in the tropics and subtropics, but parasitic infections also affect people in developed countries.

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Topical antibiotics (applied to the skin) for preventing surgical site infection in wounds that are stitched or held together another way. Preventing Sinus Infection. It is vital that you know ways to prevent sinus infection from recurring. Prevention is always better than cure and unless you know how, you cannot prevent it from recurring.

Preventing Sinus Infection - How To Prevent Sinus Infections