He was the son of a poor cobbler in the provincial Georgian town of Gori in the Caucasusthen an imperial Russian colony.
Leonid Brezhnev had the second longest reign. The Soviet Union was a world superpower that helped to shape and define almost the whole 20th century. This article will analyze the lives, achievements, and criticisms of the nine men who led the Soviet Union.
He founded the Communist Party inbut he spent years leading up to the Russian Revolution in exile abroad before Germany arranged for him to go back to Russia to get them out of World War One.
From there Lenin led the October Revolution to overthrow the provisional government that had overthrown the monarchy during the February Revolution.
Lenin and the Communists then quickly consolidated power and eventually won the Russian Civil War Lenin then spent the last few years of his life trying to shape the future of the Soviet Union. Like Lenin, Stalin was in exile leading up to the Russian Revolution.
During this period Stalin clashed with Lenin and other Soviet Leaders over ideology, strategy, and his violent tendencies. Stalin then spent years leading up to World War Two pushing his economic policy of Collectivization and trying to industrialize the country.
Stalin also spent this time purging, executing and deporting his enemies to Siberia. The Soviets and the Germans signed a non-aggression pact and agreed to split up Eastern Europe but then Hitler violated it and invaded the Soviet Union.
Relations with the West deteriorated and the Cold War started in Stalin died a few years later in His advancement through the party was advance by his family connections with Lenin and later under the watchful eye of Stalin.
However, Malenkov had a reformist streak as he called for cuts in military spending and easing up on political repression. This fact led to his undoing as a few weeks later Nikita Khrushchev organized a coalition as him and undercut all of his authority as leader.
By Malenkov was no longer the leader of the Soviet Union. Inhe joined a failed coup attempt against Khrushchev and was expelled from the Communist Party. Malenkov was then sent to Kazakhstan to serve as manager of a hydroelectric plant to spend the rest of his life in disgrace. He died in Shortly after taking over the leadership of the Soviet Union from Malenkov, Khrushchev gave a speech where he denounced the excesses under Stalin.
This speech was the start of his policy of de-Stalinization, which resulted in protests in Poland and Hungary that were put down. Khrushchev relaxed restrictions on free expression, released political prisoners and launched bold but ultimately unattainable agricultural goals.
He largely tried to pursue a policy of peaceful coexistence with the West but at the same time started the Cuban Missile Crisis and started construction on the Berlin Wall. Poor economic growth, deteriorating relations with China and other issues eventually led to Khrushchev being ousted from power by "retiring" due to his health.
Khrushchev spent his remaining years at his estate, dying in He joined the Komsomol political youth organization in and in became a full member of the Communist party. Brezhnev fought in World War Two, reaching the rank of major general and in became a member of the Central Committee.
Brezhnev took over as the leader for Khrushchev and ended his cultural reforms by clamping down on the cultural freedom and he gave the KGB back some of their former powers they had under Stalin.
Andropov joined the Communist Party inand his superiors quickly noticed his abilities making him head of the Komsomol. After being transferred to Moscow inhe was assigned to the Secretariat staff and then became ambassador to Hungary from After returning to Moscow from his ambassadorship he rose quickly through the party ranks and became head of the KGB in Andropov started positioning himself for succession as leader of the Soviet Union with Brezhnev in poor health.
Andropov was declared his successor and quickly consolidated power. Andropov led an anti-corruption campaign and dismissed many party ministers and secretaries.
Andropov also did reluctantly continue the Soviet war in Afghanistan. His rule was short however because by August of his ill health overtook him and he spent his last days in the hospital, dying in Chernenko joined the Komsomol in and became a full member of the Communist Party in Chernenko started working for the propaganda department in and rose through the ranks.
The turning point in his career was a meeting with future Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev in Brezhnev continued to help him rise through the ranks, with Chernenko gaining full membership to the Central Committee in Chernenko replaced Andropov as leader despite his own ailing health.
Chernenko supported a greater role for labor unions and reforming education and propaganda.Joseph Stalin Biography Joseph Stalin (18 December –- 5 March ) Stalin was absolute ruler of the Soviet Union from until his death in Stalin presided over the industrialisation of the Soviet economy and was the supreme war leader during the Second World War.
Stalin promotes an image of himself as a great benevolent leader and hero of the Soviet Union. Yet he is increasingly paranoid and purges the Communist party and Army of anyone who might oppose him. Joseph Stalin: Joseph Stalin, secretary-general of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (–53) and premier of the Soviet state (–53), who for a quarter of a century dictatorially ruled the Soviet Union and transformed it into a major world power.
Learn more about Stalin in this article.
Joseph Stalin became leader of the Soviet Union after the founder of the Soviet Union, Vladimir Lenin, died in Stalin ruled up until his own death in He was known as a brutal leader who was responsible for the deaths of over 20 million people.
Joseph Stalin - Powerful Communist Leader of the Soviet Union Joseph Stalin was a powerful Communist leader in the early years of the Soviet Union. He was a dictator who terrorized the population and sent many people to prisons and labour camps.
Watch video · Born on December 18, , in Gori, Georgia, Joseph Stalin rose to power as General Secretary of the Communist Party, becoming a Soviet dictator upon Vladimir Lenin's death.
Stalin forced rapid industrialization and the collectivization of agricultural land, resulting in millions dying from famine while others were sent to camps.